Let’s talk language

Let’s face it: visiting a country, where you don’t speak the language, is sometimes like hiking in a forest…at night…in heavy fog…with a faulty compass. But there’s no need to send up a flare for help just yet. We’ve got the lowdown on languages in Southwest Finland, so read on as we guide you out of the woods.

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Did you say languages, as in more than one?

We sure did! Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish, and you’ll come across both here. Most Finns in Turku speak Finnish as their mother tongue, but roughly five percent of the city’s population are Swedish-speaking Finns. 

You mean, they’re Swedish?

Not at all! Swedish-speaking Finns are Finnish at heart, but their native language is Swedish. And, the further you travel into the archipelago, the more Swedish-speaking Finns you’re bound to meet. Take the municipality of Kimitoön, for instance, where a whopping 70 percent of the 6,700 inhabitants speak Swedish as their mother tongue.

But why Swedish?

So, way back when, Finland was ruled by the Swedish empire and it wasn’t just a passing fad. Finland was part of Sweden for several centuries and those long years forever changed Finnish culture and society. Turku was the most important city in Finland while the Swedes were in charge, so it’s not surprising that the Swedish language has strong roots here. 

Photo: Kathleen Cusack

So, is it Turku or is it Åbo?

It’s both! Cities in Southwest Finland have a Finnish name and a Swedish name, so it’s Turku in Finnish and Åbo in Swedish. And, as you make your way around the archipelago, you’ll see both names listed on road signs (usually Swedish first in a Swedish-speaking area). Oftentimes, the Finnish and Swedish names are similar like Korppoo and Korpo, but it’s not always the case. 

And is Finnish anything like Swedish?

Not even remotely. You might hear some words that have been borrowed from Swedish, but Finnish marches to the beat of its own drum. It’s a Finno-Ugric language like Hungarian and Estonian, whereas Swedish is a North Germanic language, which is part of the Indo-European family. Swedish is much more like Danish and Norwegian. 

How does Mikael Agricola fit into the picture?

He was born in the early 1500s and spent his years as a theologian, rector, and bishop (actually, right here in Turku). Agricola was also a gifted linguist; in fact, he was so talented that he created a system for writing in Finnish. Nowadays, flags fly on April 9 every year to celebrate the Finnish language and Agricola’s role as the ‘father of written Finnish’

This is all very interesting, but I don’t speak Finnish or Swedish!

No problem! Most Finns speak English; in fact, Finland consistently ranks highly in the Education First English Proficiency Index. 

Well, I’ve found this incredible place I want to visit, but the website hasn’t been translated into English!

Even if the website is only available in Finnish or Swedish, it’s more than likely that someone there speaks English. Of course, we don’t want you to miss out, so here’s a handy table to help you find key information. Go ahead and shoot them an email – it’s all part of the adventure, right?

English Finnish Swedish
Contact information Yhteystiedot Kontakt
Contact us Ota yhteyttä Kontakta oss
E-mail Sähköposti E-post
Opening hours Aukioloajat Öppettider
Open Avoinna Öppen

Monda - Friday



Maanantai - Perjantai



Måndag - Fredag



Everyday Joka päivä Varje dag

Want to learn even more about language in Finland? 

Find out where the Finnish language comes from and learn the Finnish language basics!



Text Kathleen Cusack

Published | Updated